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Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer is a very serious eye condition that requires prompt attention and appropriate treatment to prevent complications and to protect your vision. Here is some information to help you better understand and manage a corneal ulcer.

Causes and risk factors:

  • Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections often from improper contact lens use.

  • Eye injuries or trauma.

  • Dry eye syndrome or inadequate tear production.

  • Eyelid issues that result in improper closure of the eye.

  • Foreign bodies in the eye.

  • Weakened immune system or underlying health conditions.


  • Eye pain.

  • Redness.

  • Blurred vision or decreased visual acuity.

  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia).

  • Excessive tearing or discharge from the eye.

  • A foreign body sensation/grittiness in the eye.


  • Discontinuing contact lens wear until cleared by your eye doctor.

  • Antibiotic drops or ointments.

  • Lubricating eye drops to keep the eye moist and promote healing. 


  • Practicing good hygiene including proper hand washing.

  • Following proper contact lens hygiene including avoiding sleeping in contact lenses and keeping contact lens cases clean.

  • Avoid touching your eyes with dirty hands or objects.

  • Protect your eyes from injury by using appropriate eye protection during activities that may pose a risk (ex. grinding metal). 

  • Seek immediate medical attention.

Remember, early diagnosis and proper treatment from your eye doctor are crucial when managing corneal ulcers effectively. Timely medical attention and adhering to the prescribed treatment plan helps you protect your eyes and minimize the risk of complications.


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