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Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea, which is the middle layer of the eye located between the retina (back layer of the eye) and sclera (white part of the eye). The uvea includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. This condition can affect any age group and can occur in one eye or both. Uveitis can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (long-lasting). It can be caused by various factors and requires prompt medical attention. Here is some information to help you understand and manage uveitis.

Causes and risk factors:

  • Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or lupus.

  • Systemic diseases such as sarcoidosis or Behcet’s disease.

  • Infections of the eye (viral, bacterial, or fungal).

  • Eye injuries or trauma.

  • Post-operative, or following intraocular surgeries including cataract extraction.

  • Idiopathic, meaning there is no identifiable cause or disease association.


  • Eye redness.

  • Eye pain or discomfort.

  • Light sensitivity (photophobia).

  • Blurred vision or decreased visual acuity.

If you suspect you have uveitis, it is important to seek immediate medical attention from an eye care professional. Uveitis, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications and vision loss. 

Diagnosis and treatment 

A comprehensive eye examination, including an assessment of your medical and ocular history, is crucial in diagnosing uveitis. Additional tests such as bloodwork or imaging may be conducted to determine an underlying cause. 

Treatment options may include:

  • Prescription eye drops such as corticosteroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce and eliminate inflammation.

  • Dilation drops to prevent the iris from sticking to the lens and to help relieve pain. 

  • Oral medications or injections in severe cases or when the underlying cause is related to a systemic disease.

  • Treating any underlying condition contributing to uveitis.


Uveitis can lead to complications including glaucoma, cataracts, or retinal disease. Timely treatment and close monitoring can help minimize the risk of developing such complications. Prognosis varies depending on cause, severity, and promptness of treatment. 

Remember, uveitis is a serious eye condition that requires medical attention from an eye care professional. By seeking timely care and adhering to the prescribed treatment plan by your eye doctor, you can reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and protect your vision. Contact us to schedule an appointment.


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